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TLC in Manila Bulletin

TLC_MB.jpgNational daily Manila Bulletin featured The Lewis College on the front of their Schools, Colleges and Universities Bulletin section (E1), To see the online version of this article, click here (this opens a new window/tab).

Understanding Different Types of Learning Disabilities

๐Ÿ“š Learning disabilities affect individuals across various age groups and can significantly impact their ability to acquire and apply knowledge effectively. These disabilities can manifest in different ways and may require tailored approaches to accommodate the unique learning needs of each individual. In this article, we will explore some common types of learning disabilities and delve into their characteristics and potential strategies to support those affected.

1. Dyslexia

๐Ÿ”ค Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that primarily affects reading and language-related skills. Individuals with dyslexia may struggle with decoding words, recognizing letter sounds, and comprehending written text. This learning disability is not indicative of low intelligence or laziness; rather, it is a result of differences in how the brain processes information.

โœจ Key Characteristics:

  • Difficulty with reading, writing, and spelling
  • Challenges in phonological awareness and word recognition
  • Slow reading speed and poor reading comprehension

๐Ÿ’ก Strategies to Support:

  • Provide multisensory learning experiences
  • Use assistive technology, such as text-to-speech software
  • Break down complex tasks into smaller, manageable steps

2. Dysgraphia

โœ๏ธ Dysgraphia is a learning disability that primarily affects writing skills. Individuals with dysgraphia may experience difficulties with handwriting, spelling, and organizing their thoughts on paper. This disability can make it challenging for individuals to express their ideas effectively in written form.

โœจ Key Characteristics:

  • Poor handwriting and inconsistent letter formation
  • Difficulty with grammar, punctuation, and spelling
  • Trouble organizing and sequencing thoughts in writing

๐Ÿ’ก Strategies to Support:

  • Provide alternative methods for written expression, such as typing or dictation software
  • Encourage the use of graphic organizers to structure ideas
  • Teach explicit strategies for proofreading and editing written work

3. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

โšก ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects both children and adults. It is characterized by persistent patterns of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Individuals with ADHD may find it challenging to stay focused, follow instructions, and complete tasks, leading to difficulties in academic and social settings.

โœจ Key Characteristics:

  • Inattention, distractibility, and difficulty sustaining focus
  • Hyperactivity, restlessness, and fidgeting
  • Impulsivity and difficulty with self-control

๐Ÿ’ก Strategies to Support:

  • Break tasks into smaller, manageable chunks
  • Establish clear and consistent routines
  • Use visual aids and timers to promote time management

4. Auditory Processing Disorder (APD)

๐Ÿ‘‚ APD is a learning disability that affects how the brain processes auditory information. Individuals with APD may struggle to distinguish between similar sounds, follow verbal instructions, or concentrate in noisy environments. This can impact their ability to understand and retain spoken language effectively.

โœจ Key Characteristics:

  • Difficulty understanding speech in noisy environments
  • Trouble following multi-step directions
  • Struggles with phonics and phonological awareness

๐Ÿ’ก Strategies to Support:

  • Minimize background noise in learning environments
  • Use visual aids to supplement auditory instructions
  • Break down complex information and provide repetition when necessary


๐ŸŒŸ Learning disabilities come in various forms and can significantly impact an individual's educational and personal development. It is crucial to understand that these disabilities do not reflect a lack of intelligence or effort on the part of the individual. By recognizing and accommodating the unique needs of individuals with learning disabilities, we can create inclusive environments that foster their growth and success.